10 Nov 2021, last revised 12 May 2022
When Old Copper Country Bottles was published in 1978, the bottle from T. Smith was considered to be the oldest embossed Copper Country bottle. Newspaper ads and articles now support this conclusion, although the S. & S. bottle is a close second. One of the fascinating discoveries is that T. Smith and S. & S. were druggists. Druggists routinely sold much more than just drugs, and it turns out, these early Copper Country druggists also manufactured and bottled soda water.
The 1863 Polk directory listed Thomas Smith as a druggist in Houghton (3). The store was renovated and enlarged by Jun 1863; and in addition to drugs and chemicals, Smith had a soda fountain, and carried a stock of school books, stationery, and popular works of fiction (12). The 1867 directory specified that he sold drugs, medicines, and groceries (5).
Thomas Smith was born in England in about 1830 (1). In 1851, at the age of 20, he was a medical's assistant in Stilton, England (2). In 1860, he was a druggist in Detroit (1), and married Isabella Cook in Ontario, Canada (4). It is unknown when he moved to the Copper Country, but we found his ad as a druggist in The Mining Gazette from Jul 1862, the earliest issues we have access to. He installed a new soda fountain in Jul 1865 (14), and by two weeks later, he had commenced manufacturing and bottling soda (15). He ran a second ad for his soda water factory that claimed he had a capacity of 150 dozen bottles per day. Both ads placed his store on Shelden St., Houghton. In contrast, S. & S. did not start manufacturing soda until Jul 1866 (16).
Newspaper ad - Aug 1862
Newspaper ad - Aug 1866
In Jun 1867, the pop factories of T. Smith and Shelden & Sheffer were consolidated under the name, City Bottling Works with Geo. C. Shelden as proprietor (17). This marked the end of Smith's operation, but the bottling works continued under Shelden (see S. & S. page). The article claimed that the amount of pop consumed on Portage Lake on a moderately warm day amounted to over one hundred dozen bottles (17). It also claimed that since pop started to be manufactured locally, drunkenness decreased by nearly 50%, a support of the temperance movement (17).
Fire struck on 17 Dec 1869 (6). It started at the Northwestern Restaurant on the north side of Shelden Ave. People fearing that the main portion of town was doomed, bundled their effects onto the street and the Gazette scattered their type and paper onto the ice. Surprising to everyone, the fire engine sprang into action and within a few minutes had two streams, and then three streams, on the fire. Smith's drug store caught on fire, first in the upper story, which housed his residence. The firemen were able to save the adjacent buildings only 3-4 ft away and finally extinguished the fire. Unfortunately, two building were destroyed, both owned by Smith, a loss of about $4,000. The loss of his stock was $5,000 to $7,000, and he had no insurance.
Newspaper ad - Feb 1870
Smith persevered. In the next issue of Portage Lake Mining Gazette, he put his Houghton lots up for sale (13) and stated that he would carry on the drug business in Hancock (13). It is unknown if he actually opened a store in Hancock, because two months later, he ran an ad stating that he had opened a store in Red Jacket. The ad ran for only a few times in Feb and Mar of 1870. Curiously, the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, surveyed in June, still placed him and his family in Portage Township (7). His time in Red Jacket was brief, given that he moved to Nebraska in about 1870 (11). The 1875 Nebraska State Census placed him, his wife, and his step-son (or son) in Yankee Hill, Nebraska where he was a farmer (8). Coincidentally, his brother-in-law moved his family to Waverly, Nebraska in 1872 (10). Smith then died on 01 Apr 1875 at the age of 45 (9). We have yet to discover the cause of his death at such a young age.
Based on the records we have uncovered from the pioneer period of Copper Country history, Smith's drug store in Houghton started sometime between 1860 and 1862, and ended in 1869. His pop factory, though, lasted from 1865 to 1867. Given the rarity of his embossed bottle, he probably used mostly unembossed bottles. One peculiarity about his bottle, is the embossed, HOUGHTON WORKS as the location. It is unknown what he intended by adding "Works" to the town name of Houghton. Since Smith was a druggist, we first suspected that he bottled mineral water for medicinal purpose, but the ads and articles confirm that he bottled soda.
Given its esteem as arguably the first embossed Copper Country bottle, T. Smith continues to be highly desired by bottle collectors. Only a very few are fortunate enough to have one in their collections.
- U.S. Census Bureau. 1860 United States Federal Census. accessed on ancestry.com.
- Census Returns of England and Wales, 1851. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1851. (accessed on ancestry.com)
- C. F. Clark. 1863. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1863-4. Charles F. Clark. Detroit, MI.
- Ontario Archives Marriage Register. County Marriage Register, Huron Co., 1858-1869, MS 248, Reel 8, Ref 1:54 (accessed on ancestry.com)
- Chapin & Brother. 1867. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1867-8. The Detroit Post Company, Printers. Detroit, MI.
- anonymous. (1869, Dec 23). The Fire Fiend!. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- U.S. Census Bureau. 1870 United States Federal Census. accessed on ancestry.com.
- Nebraska, State Census Collection, 1860-1885. Year: 1875; Series/Record Group: RG207; County: Lancaster; Township: Yankeen Hill. p. 2 (accessed on ancestry.com)
- Find a Grave. accessed Nov 2021. Thomas Smith. findagrave.com/memorial/74739405/thomas-smith
- U.S. Census Bureau. 1900 United States Federal Census. accessed on ancestry.com.
- anonymous. (1875, Apr 09). Notice to Subscribers. The Nebraska State Journal. p. 3.
- anonymous. (1863, Jun 20). Soda Fountain. The Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 5.
- anonymous. (1869, Dec 30). Local Notices. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1865, Jul 15). New Soda Fountain. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1865, Jul 29). A New Manufacture. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1866, Jul 05). Soda Manufacture. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1867, Jun 27). City Bottling Works. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
top: blob top - applied
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
rarity: extremely rare
- probably the first Copper Country bottle