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11 Aug 2021, last revised 04 Jul 2022

Union Brewery was one of the earliest breweries in the Copper Country. The brewery was established in 1857 (1) by William Alt (7) in the hamlet of Adam two miles west of Houghton (1) on the Portage Canal. William's surname has been spelled as "Ault" (3,7,17), but "Alt" is the correct spelling based on Michigan State directories (8,18), IRS Tax Assessments (19), and his death record (12). The 1859 directory listed William Alt as a brewer and liquor dealer in Houghton (8).

Phil Scheuermann<br>Courtesy of Houghton County Historical Society
Phil Scheuermann

In 1863, Alt sold the brewery to Philip Scheuermann, Frank Mayworm, and Adam Youngman (7). Frank's surname has been spelled as "Maywood" (3,7) or "Mayworth" (17), but "Mayworm" is the correct spelling based on Michigan State directories (6,9,18), the U.S. Federal Census (10,20), the newspaper (23), and IRS Tax Assessments (19). The IRS Tax Assessment for Aug 1864 shows that Alt continued as a liquor dealer after selling the brewery (19). His death record stated that he was from Germany, his occupation was saloon keeper, and he died on 20 Nov 1872 in Nankin Township, MI at the age of 64 (12). It was reported that the trio named their firm, the "Union Brewing Co." (3,7), but the 1873 directory specified the firm as F. Mayworm & Co. for the Union Brewery (9). A newspaper article (23) also suggests that Alt was the one to establish the "Union Brewery" name. Mayworm & Co. hosted a gala in Aug 1863 to formally open the brewery to the public (23,25). Tax records for Mayworm & Co. show that they produced an estimated 1,400 barrels in 1864 and 2,100 barrels in 1865 (19).

Philip Scheuermann was born in Bavaria, Germany on 16 Sep 1822 (16). He apprenticed in the carpentry and mill-wright trade and worked as a journeyman (1). He immigrated to Copper Falls in 1850, built the mill for the Copper Falls Mining Company, and remained there for about five years (1). He then went to Missouri where he built and operated a saw mill for five years (1). He returned to the Copper Country in 1859 and built the Quincy Stamp Mill on Portage Lake near Hancock in 1860, and became its superintendent (1).

Frank Mayworm died on 7 Oct 1872 at the age of 47 from typhoid fever (12). In 1875 (1,5,21,24), Scheuermann purchased the interests of Mayworm's widow (7) and Youngman, and rebuilt the brewery, which increased production to 5,000 barrels per year (1). Production and sale in 1877 was 4,231 barrels (28). Scheuermann began bottling his beer around 1879-80, as indicated by the bottles, as did many brewers across the country at this time following the advent of pasteurization. He continued to use the Union Brewery name as indicated by the ads and the bottles.

Polk directory ad - Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory 1883
Polk Directory ad - 1883
Holland directory ad - 1887-8 Hand-book and Guide to Hancock, Mich
Holland Directory ad - 1887

In Jan 1888, five enormous beer casks, no less than five feet in length, arrived from Milwaukee (30). In 1890, the brewery replaced its vats with new vats having a total capacity of 1,000 barrels, which then increased the brewery capacity to 10,000 barrels (29).

The business was incorporated on 01 Jan 1895 with Phil Scheuermann as president, his daughter, Anna as vice-president, and his son, Philip Jr. as secretary and treasurer (7). The capital of $50,000 was divided into 5,000 shares at $10 each (31). It was the point of incorporation that the Union Brewery would thereafter do business as the Phil. Scheuermann Brewing Co. (31), and we see this name change reflected on the bottles. However, a Jun 1893 ad used "Phil. Scheuermann Brewing Co." and the newspapers continued to refer to "Union Brewery" (32,34).

Newspaper ad - Semi-Weekly Copper Journal, 07 Jun 1893
Newspaper ad - Jun 1893
Newspaper ad - The Copper Country Evening News, 05 May 1898
Newspaper ad - May 1898

The location embossed on the bottles changed from Portage Lake to Hancock to Houghton County to Houghton, and then to Hancock. The reasoning behind this succession of locations is intriguing, especially when the brewery was clearly located in Houghton. "Portage Lake" was not a town name, but "Portage Lake district" was used to describe the location of the mines in the Houghton/Hancock area in the 1863 Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory (6). Even in the late 1890s, articles in The Copper Country Evening News used "Portage Lake" to refer to the towns of Houghton and Hancock. The Holland directory for 1887-8 listed Phil Scheuermann in the Hancock (not Houghton) directory and noted that the Union Brewery office was located at the Quincy Mill where Phil Scheuermann was superintendent (5). Scheuermann was also a resident of Hancock (5). Thus, the use of Hancock as the location seems to have been based on the office location, not the brewery location.

Scheuermann brewery on Portage Canal - c.1900
Scheuermann brewery
Scheuermann bottling house with freight car for Copper Range Railroad
Scheuermann bottling house

The buildings for the brewery were incrementally rebuilt and expanded. The 1888 Sanborn map shows only wooden frame structures. The 1893 map shows one stone building attached to the bottling house. It was reported in 1898 that the company built a new framed bottling house on the lake shore equipped with a refrigerator (22). The 1900 map shows this bottling house, as well as a stone front and stone addition to the brewery house. The buildings no longer exist.

Sanborn map - June 1888
Sanborn map - June 1888
Sanborn map - Aug 1893
Sanborn map - Aug 1893
Sanborn map - June 1900
Sanborn map - June 1900

Philip died on 30 Mar 1898 at the age of 75 and was buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Houghton (16). Frank Scheuermann, Philip's son from his second marriage (1), then managed the brewery and continued to make improvements (33). In Jan 1899, the company was taken over by the Bosch Brewing Co. but Frank still retained his interest and remained as manager (3). Bosch continued to operate the brewery as the Scheuermann Branch of the Bosch Brewing Co. (2). Despite the change in ownership, the Scheuermann name remained, but it changed from PHIL. SCHEUERMANN BREWING CO. to PHIL. SCHEUERMANN BREWERY on the bottles and ads, or simply SCHEUERMANN BREWERY on later ads. The Polk directories also marked this name change, being "Phil. Scheuermann Brewing Co." in 1897 (13), not listed in 1899 (14), and "Scheuermann Brewery" in 1901 (15). This name change makes sense, since it was no longer the Phil. Scheuermann Brewing Co. (it was the Bosch Brewing Co.), but the facility was still known as the Scheuermann brewery.

Newspaper ad - The Copper Country Evening News, 11 Mar 1899
Newspaper ad - Mar 1899
Newspaper ad - The Calumet News, 29 Dec 1909
Newspaper ad - Dec 1909
Newspaper ad - The Calumet News, 01 Aug 1912
Newspaper ad - Aug 1912

In Jun 1899, work commenced to improve the Scheuermann plant, which Bosch contemplated when he acquired control (35). When finished, it was expected that the plant would be almost entirely new. A new main building would enclose the present main building, and be divided into a racking room, wash house, machine room, boiler room, and brewhouse. New machinery would be installed piece by piece so not to interrupt current operations. It was estimated that the plant would be able to produce 50,000 barrels annually. The brewery had 12 employees in 1904 (26) and a peak of 25 in 1909 (27).

When Prohibition hit Michigan in 1918, operations ceased. After the repeal of Prohibition, Bosch opened the Bosch Brewing Co. at the Scheuermann plant, and ceased brewing in Lake Linden altogether (4). The Scheuermann name passed into brewing history, but the Union Brewery and Scheuermann names continue to provide bottle collectors with wonderful old glass artifacts more than 150 years after the brewery was established.

Rheingold label<br>Courtesy of the Richard Dana Collection
Beer bottle label
Bock Beer label<br>Courtesy of the Richard Dana Collection
Beer bottle label

References

  1. anonymous. 1883. History of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The Western Historical Company. Chicago, IL.
  2. anonymous. 1903. Biographical Record: Houghton, Baraga and Marquette Counties, Michigan. Biographical Publishing Company. Chicago, IL.
  3. anonymous. (1899, Jan 26). untitled. The Copper Country Evening News (Calumet, MI). p. 3.
  4. Monette, C. J. 1978. Joseph Bosch and the Bosch Brewing Company. Welden H. Curtin. Lake Linden, MI.
  5. Holland, A. H. 1887. Hand-book and Guide to Hancock, Mich. Mining Journal Book and Job Print. Marquette, MI.
  6. C. F. Clark. 1863. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1863-4. Charles F. Clark. Detroit, MI.
  7. anonymous. 1895. Memorial Record of the Northern Peninsula of Michigan. The Lewis Publishing Co., Chicago, IL.
  8. G. W. Hawes. 1859. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1860. F. Raymond & Co. Detroit, MI.
  9. J. E. Scripps and R. L. Polk & Co. 1873. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1873. Tribune Book and Job Office. Detroit, MI.
  10. U.S. Census Bureau. 1870 United States Federal Census. accessed on ancestry.com.
  11. R. L. Polk & Co. 1875. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1875. The Tribune Printing Company. Detroit, MI.
  12. Michigan Department of Community Health, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics; Lansing, Michigan; Death Records (accessed on ancestry.com).
  13. R. L. Polk & Co. 1897. Houghton County Directory 1897-98. R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers. Detroit, MI.
  14. R. L. Polk & Co. 1899. Houghton County Directory 1899-1900. R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers. Detroit, MI.
  15. R. L. Polk & Co. 1901. Houghton County Directory 1901-02. R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers. Detroit, MI.
  16. Find a Grave. accessed Aug 2021. Philip Scheuermann. findagrave.com/memorial/182276421/philip-scheuermann
  17. Van Wieren, D. P. 1995. American Breweries II. Eastern Coast Brewiana Association. West Point, PA.
  18. G. W. Hawes. 1860. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1860. F. Raymond & Co. Detroit, MI.
  19. Records of the Internal Revenue Service. Internal Revenue Assessment Lists for Michigan, 1862-1866. The National Archives at Washington, DC (accessed on ancestry.com).
  20. U.S. Census Bureau. 1860 United States Federal Census. accessed on ancestry.com.
  21. anonymous. 1903. One Hundred Years of Brewing. H. S. Rich & Co., Publishers. Chicago and New York.
  22. anonymous. (1898, May 02). Portage Lake News. The Copper Country Evening News (Calumet, MI). p. 3.
  23. anonymous. (1863, Aug 15). The Union Brewery. The Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 5.
  24. anonymous. (1875, Jul 29). Notice. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
  25. anonymous. (1863, Aug 08). Gala Day for Beer. The Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 5.
  26. Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics. 1905. State of Michigan Twenty-Second Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics Including the Twelfth Annual Report of State Inspection of Factories. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., State Printers. Lansing, MI.
  27. State of Michigan Department of Labor. 1910. First Annual Report of the Department of Labor of the State of Michigan. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., State Printers. Lansing, MI.
  28. anonymous. (1879, Jul 24). Amount of Lager Beer Made and Sold in this District Last Year. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
  29. anonymous. (1893, Feb 22). Lake Linden Notes. Semi-Weekly Copper Journal (Hancock, MI). p. 3.
  30. anonymous. (1890, May 29). About Portage Lake. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
  31. anonymous. (1888, Jan 12). Local Jottings. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
  32. anonymous. (1895, Jan 08). untitled. Torch Lake Times (Lake Linden, MI). p. 3.
  33. anonymous. (1898, Dec 15). Improvements Being Made at the Union Brewery. The Copper Country Evening News (Calumet, MI). p. 3.
  34. anonymous. (1899, Mar 02). Torch Lake News. The Copper Country Evening News (Calumet, MI). p. 4.
  35. anonymous. (1899, Jun 05). Portage Lake News. The Copper Country Evening News (Calumet, MI). p. 3.

32
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: lightning stopper - applied
maker's mark: C. V. No2 MILW (base)
other marks: (none)
date: 1880-1881
rarity: extremely rare
  • same plate for 32, 32a, and 32b
32a
Union Brewery bottle
maker's mark: C. V. No2 MILW (base)
other marks: (none)
date: 1880-1881
rarity: extremely rare
  • same plate for 32, 32a, and 32b
  • tapered-top variant
32b
Union Brewery bottle
color: olive
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1880-1881
rarity: extremely rare
  • same plate for 32, 32a, and 32b
  • tapered-top variant
  • color variant
  • no maker's mark

33
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber or dark amber
top: lightning stopper - applied
maker's mark: C & Co (base)
other marks: (none)
date: early 1880s
rarity: extremely rare
  • full mold plate

34
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: lightning stopper - applied
maker's mark: WIS GLASS Co MILW (front heel)
other marks: (none)
date: 1883
rarity: extremely rare
  • different plate from 32
  • MICH is centered

35
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: lightning stopper - applied
maker's mark: D. O. C. (base)
other marks: (none)
date: mid to late 1880s
rarity: rare
  • different plate design
  • smaller plate than 34
  • smaller ICH in MICH

36
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: pint
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - applied
maker's mark: D. O. C. (back heel)
other marks: (none)
date: late 1880s
rarity: rare
  • pint-sized complement to 37

37
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - applied
maker's mark: D. O. C. (base)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (back)
date: late 1880s
rarity: rare
  • different plate from 35
  • larger font
  • "." after BREWERY
  • same-sized letters in MICH
  • smaller plate size

38
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - applied
maker's mark: D. O. C. (base)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (back)
date: late 1880s
rarity: extremely rare
  • different plate from 37
  • exceptionally large plate
  • plate low on mold

39
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - applied
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: NOT TO BE SOLD OR TRADED (back)
date: early 1890s
rarity: rare
  • different plate design
  • exceptionally large plate
  • plate low on mold

40
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - applied
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: mid 1890s
rarity: rare
  • different plate design
  • typical-sized plate

41
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: mid 1890s
rarity: rare
  • different plate from 40
  • no CO after HOUGHTON

s33
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: mid 1890s
rarity: extremely rare
  • same plate for #41 and #s33
  • slightly taller body
  • plate higher on mold (see comparison)

42
Union Brewery bottle
capacity: pint
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: WIS G Co. MILW (base)
other marks: (none)
date: mid 1890s
rarity: rare
  • pint-sized complement to 41
  • the base shows major mold deterioration, and thus suggests the post-bottom was used after the period of Wisconsin Glass Co.

43
Scheuermann Brewing Co bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: lightning stopper - applied
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (back)
date: 1890
rarity: extremely rare
  • different plate design
  • only Scheuermann with a lightning stopper

44
Scheuermann Brewing Co bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - applied
maker's mark: D. O. C. (back heel)
other marks: (none)
date: c.1893
rarity: scarce
  • slightly curved HANCOCK
  • no "." after CO
44a
Scheuermann Brewing Co bottle
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: N. B. B. G. CO. (back heel)
other marks: (none)
date: mid to late 1890s
rarity: rare
  • different plate from 44
  • "." after CO
  • narrower gap between PHIL and SCHEUERMANN
  • different maker's mark
44b
Scheuermann Brewing Co bottle
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: S B & G Co (base)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (back)
date: mid to late 1890s
rarity: rare
  • different plate from 44 and 44a
  • smaller plate size
  • no "." after CO
  • no "." after PHIL
  • H in HANCOCK not tilted
  • different maker's mark
  • this variant was pictured in the book

45
Scheuermann Brewing Co bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE IS NEVER SOLD (back heel)
date: mid to late 1890s
rarity: rare
  • different plate from 44, 44a, and 44b
  • reversed N in BREWING

46
Scheuermann Brewing Co bottle
capacity: pint
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE IS NEVER SOLD (back)
date: mid to late 1890s
rarity: extremely rare
  • pint-sized complement to 47 and 48

47
Scheuermann Brewing Co bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: mid to late 1890s
rarity: scarce
  • quart-sized complement to 46

48
Scheuermann Brewing Co bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: CLYDE GLASS WORKS CLYDE N.Y. (base)
other marks: (none)
date: mid to late 1890s
rarity: rare
  • different plate from 47
  • SCHEUERMANN is misspelled
  • "." after CO is elevated
  • "." after HANCOCK

49
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: 1900
rarity: common
  • different plate design
49a
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
rarity: (?)
  • different plate from 49
  • MICH off-centered to the right

50
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: pint
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: 1900
rarity: rare
  • pint-sized complement to 49a

51
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: REGISTERED (below plate), THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: early 1900s
rarity: common
  • different plate from 49
  • no "." after MICH
51a
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: REGISTERED (below plate), THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: early 1900s
rarity: ?
  • different plate from 51
  • smaller font
  • no "." after PHIL
  • "." after MICH

52
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: pint
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: REGISTERED (below plate), THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: early 1900s
rarity: common
  • pint-sized complement to 51
  • different plate from 50
  • Y in BREWERY between M and A in SCHEUERMANN
  • different plate from 59
  • E in SCHEUERMANN almost directly over W in BREWERY
  • this example has an A B Co date code: 7 - S
  • another example has date code: 8 - S

53
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: export size
color: amber
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: S B & G Co (base)
other marks: (none)
date: 1905
rarity: rare
  • export size mold
  • different plate design from 52
53a
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
maker's mark: A B Co (base)
other marks: (none)
date: 1909
rarity: rare
  • different plate from 53
  • "." after MICH
  • different maker's mark
  • this example has date code: 9 - S

54
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: Balitmore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: A B Co (back heel)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: 1906-1912
rarity: common
  • full mold plate
  • similar plate design with 51
  • this example has date code: 8 - S
  • other specimens have date codes: 0 - S (for 1910) and 9 - S

55
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: cork seal
maker's mark: A B Co. (base?)
other marks: (none)
date: 1905-1910
rarity: rare
  • full mold plate
  • similar design with 53
  • same plate for 55 and 56
  • different top
  • date code unknown

56
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: A B Co (base)
other marks: (none)
date: 1909
rarity: rare
  • same plate for 55 and 56
  • different top
  • this example has date code: 9 - S

57
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: pint
color: aqua
top: Baltimore loop seal - tooled
maker's mark: A B Co (base)
other marks: (none)
date: 1911
rarity: rare
  • similar plate design to 53
  • this example has date code: 11 - S

s3
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: crown top - tooled
maker's mark: A B Co (base)
other marks: (none)
date: (?)
rarity: extremely rare
  • slightly different plate from 56
  • different top
  • date code appears to be 4 - S but A B CO did not exist in 1904

58
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: crown top - tooled
maker's mark: N B B G Co. (?)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: 1912
rarity: scarce
  • different plate from 54
  • E in SCHEUERMANN to the right of W in BREWERY
  • the maker's mark stated in the book was not found on this example
  • this example has an A B Co date code: S - 12

59
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: pint
color: amber
top: crown top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: REGISTERED (below plate), THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: 1912
rarity: common
  • different plate from 52
  • E in SCHEUERMANN to the right of W in BREWERY

s58
Scheuermann Brewery bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: crown top - tooled
maker's mark: N B B G CO (front heel)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: c.1915
rarity: extremely rare

abm-10
bottle image
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: c.1914
rarity: common
  • heel has "14 2", which may be a date code

abm-11
bottle image
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: c.1917
rarity: common
  • this example has an A B Co. date code: 17 S 4

abm-12
bottle image
capacity: pint
color: amber
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: c.1918
rarity: common
  • this example has an A B Co. date code: 18 S 2

abm-13
bottle image
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: c.1916
rarity: ?
  • this example has an A B Co. date code: 16 S 1

abm-14
bottle image
capacity: pint
color: amber
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: c.1916
rarity: ?
  • this example has an A B Co. date code: 16 S 1

abm-15
bottle image
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: c.1915
rarity: ?
  • heel has "15 1", which may be a date code

abm-16
bottle image
capacity: pint
color: aqua
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: c.1916
rarity: ?
  • this example has an A B Co. date code: 16 S 1

abm-17
bottle image
capacity: pint
color: amber
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: c.1914
rarity: ?
  • heel has "14 1", which may be a date code

abm-18
bottle image
capacity: pint
color: aqua
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD (base)
date: c.1913
rarity: ?
  • heel has "13 1", which may be a date code