06 Dec 2021, last revised 30 Jul 2023
S & S Drug Store
With only a pair of initials, the S. & S. bottle provides little information about its bottling works and proprietors. Based on the bottle being a squat soda with the A & D H C maker's mark, we focused our search to the 1860s - 1870s. We do not have access to the 1865 and 1869 volumes of the Michigan State directory, so it was fortunate that the 1867 volume had a listing for "Shelden & Sheffer" (1). Curiously, it listed them in Houghton as druggist and in Hancock under Soda and Mineral Water Manufacturers. The listing, however, did not provide first names nor a business address.
Shelden & Sheffer opened their drug store on the corner of Shelden Ave. and Isle Royale St. in Oct 1864, with Sheffer being in charge of the prescription department (18). One side of the store was devoted to medicines, while the other side held groceries (19). In Jul 1866, they set up a soda manufacturing operation with a capacity of 300 dozen bottles per day (20). Business was seemingly good, since from Jul 01 to Nov 01 in 1866, Shelden & Sheffer sold 10,336 dozen bottles of soda (21).
Newspaper ad - Nov 1864
Newspaper ad - Jul 1866
In Jun 1867, they consolidated their pop factory with Smith's pop factory and formed City Bottling Works with "Geo. C. Shelden" as proprietor (22). An ad for the Corner Drug Store stated that "A. C. Sheffer" purchased the interest of "G. C. Shelden" in the firm Shelden & Sheffer, and "...will conduct the business as before at the old stand...". An ad for City Bottling Works stated that "George C. Shelden" was proprietor and the business was located at the corner of Shelden St. and Isle Royale St., the same location given for Shelden & Sheffer's drug store. Thus, it seems neither of them moved from their original drug store location, unless Shelden moved to another corner on the same intersection.
Newspaper ad - Mar 1869
Newspaper ad - May 1869
We could not find census records for an A. C. Sheffer residing in Houghton, but we found a marriage record for Ambrose C. Sheffer who was a druggist (7). He was born in Bohemia, Germany and was married on 30 Dec 1868 in Houghton to Lizzie McKenzie (7). The last reference to his drug store that we found occurred in Jul 1869, which stated that his new soda fountain arrived (24). A. C. Sheffer was then listed in the 1871 Detroit City directory as a druggist (7), signifying that he had left the Copper Country. It is unknown what happened to him thereafter.
As for the store, a 1904 article on A. J. Scott mentioned that when Scott opened his drug store in Hancock in 1869, there was a drug store in Houghton that had closed in spring of 1869 and had not reopened until the late fall (32). This store aligns with the S & S store, except that it probably did not close until summer. It seems Graham Pope, who advertised his drug store from 26 Aug 1869, was the one to reopen the store. Pope sold the store to Hebert & Deschamps in Feb 1872 (26). The 1873 directory described the location of Hebert & Deschamps as being on the corner of Shelden Ave. and Isle Royale St. (27), the same description as for Shelden & Sheffer's store. In Dec 1876, Hebert & Deschamps moved their store to two doors east of Isle Royale block (28,29). The store continued on with more changes in proprietorship (see Lauvaux Pharmacy.}
George C. Shelden
George C. Shelden was the son of the Copper Country pioneer, Ransom Shelden, who was born in New York (2). George was born on 27 Dec 1842 in Walworth County, WI (2). He was raised and educated in Ontonagon County, and then served in the Civil War as first lieutenant and then captain until the end of the war (2). When he returned to Michigan, he engaged in the mercantile business with different partnerships and invested extensively in real estate (2). He purchased Peter Sauer's brewery in Hancock (3), but it burned in the great fire (4) of Apr 1869 (6) and then was destroyed by fire in Dec 1869 (3,4). He sold the City Bottling Works to S. & J. Lloyd in Nov 1869 (23), and then moved to Negaunee to start another brewery (3). The 1870 U.S. Federal Census placed him in Negaunee as a brewer (5), further documenting his move.
Shelden returned to Houghton in 1875 (3) and continued to be a prominent member of local business. He promoted the building the Portage Lake bridge (3), which was completed in 1876, and acted as secretary and treasurer of the Portage Lake Bridge Company until the bridge was sold to the county in Aug 1891 for $35,000 and became toll-free (3,13,14). Shelden, in partnership with his brother, Ransom B. Shelden and Adolph J. Ruhl as prescription clerk, formed Shelden Bros & Co. and started a new drug store, the City Drug Store, in Houghton (16) and opened in Sep 1889 (25). They purchased the entire stock, counters, and fixtures of Dr. G. W. Orr's drug store in Lake Linden (16). They, along with their older brother, Carlos D. Shelden, organized a medicine company, the Antialgia Chemical Co., which had its office in the drug store (15). The firm reportedly dissolved on 01 Nov 1890 and Ransom B. Shelden was to continue the store (17), but the firm name and store continued to be advertised in the Michigan Copper Journal at least until Dec 1891, and was listed in the 1891 (30), but not the 1893 (31), Polk directory.
Shelden's life came to a tragic end. He was shot four times on main street in Houghton and died later that night (3). His assailant, an employee who was being tried for severely beating Shelden after a work dispute, jumped off the bridge (3,11) and his body was recovered five days later (9). Shelden died on 30 Sep 1896 at the age of 52 (10) and was buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Houghton (12). An article in The L'Anse Sentinel marking his funeral stated (9):
The loss of Geo. C. Shelden to the town of which he has long been a prominent and patriotic citizen will be long felt in many a home which has been a recipient of his quiet generosity and charity. His great love of Houghton was doubtless attributable to the fact that his father was its founder, and its pioneer industries were all connected with the name of Ransom Shelden. There was no enterprise calculated to redound to the financial or social interests of his native village that did not receive the liberal support of George C. Shelden. His loss is a sad blow to Houghton, and his place in the community will be hard to fill.
Based on the history we uncovered, the S. & S. bottle dates to 1866-1867. The directory listing for Hancock still remains a mystery, but Sheffer had a bottle from Hancock that bears his name (see A. C. Sheffer). The City Bottling Works continued under J. Lloyd & Bro. (see J.L & B).
- Chapin & Brother. 1867. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1867-8. The Detroit Post Company, Printers. Detroit, MI.
- Sawyer, A. L. 1911. A History of the Northern Peninsula of Michigan and its People. The Lewis Publishing Company. Chicago, IL.
- anonymous. (1896, Oct 02). Mr. George C. Shelden Shot in Houghton. The Copper Country Evening News (Calumet, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1869, Dec 30). Is Portage Lake Doomed? Burning of the Hancock Brewery Last Night. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- U.S. Census Bureau. 1870 United States Federal Census. accessed on ancestry.com.
- anonymous. (1869, Apr 25). The Burning of Hancock, Mich. The New York Times. p. 1.
- Michigan Department of Community Health, Division of Vital Records and Health Statistics; Lansing, MI, USA; Michigan, Marriage Records, 1867-1952; Film: 2; Film Description: 1868 Genesee-1869 Branch (accessed on ancestry.com)
- Chas. F. Clark & Co. 1871. Annual City Directory of the Inhabitants, Business Firms, Incorporated Companies, Etc. of the City of Detroit for 1871-2. Tribune Book and Job Office. Detroit, MI.
- anonymous. (1896, Oct 10). George C. Shelden's Funeral. The L'Anse Sentinel (L'Anse, MI). p. 1.
- Michigan Department of Community Health, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics; Lansing, Michigan; Death Records (accessed on ancestry.com).
- anonymous. (1896, Oct 8). Sensational Shooting and Drowning. The Saline Observer. p. 2.
- Find a Grave. accessed 2021. George C Shelden. findagrave.com/memorial/67658748/george-c-shelden
- anonymous. (1891, May 12). The Bridge Settled. Michigan Copper Journal (Hancock, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1891, Aug 06). A Toll Bridge No More. Michigan Copper Journal (Hancock, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1891, Nov 19). A New Medicine Co. Michigan Copper Journal (Hancock, MI). p. 1.
- anonymous. (1889, Aug 29). untitled. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1890, Oct 13). Dissolution Notice. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1864, Oct 15). Drug Store. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1865, Feb 03). The New Drug Store. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1866, Jul 05). Soda Manufacture. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1866, Nov 15). Pop! Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1867, Jun 27). City Bottling Works. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1869, Nov 25). Pop. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1869, Jul 01). untitled. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- anonymous. (1889, Sep 05). untitled. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 4.
- anonymous. (1872, Feb 15). Sold Out. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- J.E. Scripps & R.L. Polk, compliers. 1973. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1873. Tribune Book and Job Office. Detroit.
- anonymous. (1877, Jan 11). ad for Hebert & Deschamps. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 1.
- anonymous. (1876, Dec 14). untitled. Portage Lake Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 3.
- R. L. Polk & Co. 1891. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory 1891-92. R. L. Polk & Co. Detroit, MI.
- R. L. Polk & Co. 1893. Michigan State Gazetteer and Business Directory 1893-94. R. L. Polk & Co. Detroit, MI.
- anonymous. (1904, Mar 29). A. J. Scott Sells Out. The Copper Country Evening News (Calumet, MI). p. 3.
top: blob top - applied
maker's mark: A. & D. H. C (heel)
other marks: (none)
rarity: extremely rare
- probably the second Copper Country bottle