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02 Oct 2021, last revised 05 Feb 2022

R. T. Harvey's bottling works was not only the longest running pop company in the Copper Country, but it was also the last pop company in Michigan to operate under its own name as opposed to a franchised brand (1). It was a family operation for most of its existence (1).

Richard Thomas Harvey was born on 06 Sep 1845 (2) in Cornwall, England (3), and immigrated to the U.S. in 1862 (3) or 1865 (4). It is unknown where he settled first, but he resided at the Delaware Mine in 1877 and worked as a miner at the time of his marriage (3). In 1888, the family moved to Eagle Harbor (24). In Jul 1898, he bought Arvid Kemp's pop business in Red Jacket (27). The plan was for his son, George to conduct the business, and if proved successful, he would move to Red Jacket with his family (27). Another article referenced his oldest son as the one to conduct the business (28), and that would have been Richard H. Harvey (4). The business apparently was successful, as he promptly moved the family to Red Jacket.

Richard T. Harvey was first listed as a bottler (with his son, Richard H. Harvey as pop maker) in the 1899 Polk directory, with the business and residence at 426 Pine St., Calumet (8). The Sanborn map shows this address on the south side of the street, just west of 4th St. As expected, this was the former location of Kemp & Roberts and Isaac Lantto (7). The 1900 Sanborn map shows that he moved the bottling works to the front building, as previously it was located in the rear building on the lot. By the 1901 directory, he had moved his business and residence to Florida St., Laurium, southwest of Lake Linden Ave. (9). He was now listed as proprietor of Calumet Bottling Works (9), although the bottles indicate that he used this company name from the beginning.

Sanborn map - Sept 1900<br>First location of the bottling works, in Calumet
Sanborn map - Sep 1900
Sanborn map - Sept 1917<br>Second location of the bottling works, in Laurium
Sanborn map - Sep 1917

In Apr 1908, the Harveys made improvements to the factory (25). They installed a new automatic carbonator and a new bottle washer. The water used in manufacturing pop was filtered through a Noxall stone filter and stated to be "absolutely pure". The mixing room for mixing syrups before carbonation was said to be "a model of neatness" and "bespeaks excellent sanitary conditions". The interior of the building was being redecorated in anticipation of a greater summer season than any previous season in its history. Harvey produced the following sodas in 1910: Sarsaparilla, Lemon Soda, Solo Ginger Ale, Imitation Strawberry, and Harvey Brew (13). The company had six employees in 1910 (14), seven in 1912 (15), and five in 1914 (16).

The Polk directories up until 1912 continued to list R. T. Harvey as proprietor (10), but the 1910 U.S. Federal Census listed no occupation for him (5). It appears his sons were fully running the business at that point, with George as manager, Wilmer as bottler, and Chester as driver (5,10). This was understandable since R. T. Harvey was 65 in 1910 (5). He died on 02 Apr 1915 and was buried in Lake View Cemetery, Calumet (2), but his business continued on. His son, Richard H. Harvey, by the way, no longer resided in the household in 1910 (5), and resided in Chicago by 1920 (6), which is where he later died on 19 Mar 1947 (19).

George's daughter, Sue Adams, described the distribution process in a post on George's Eagle Harbor Web.

My Grandfather would deliver pop to the Keweenaw via the Keweenaw Central Railroad before 1919. He would load the soda onto box cars in Red Jacket and drop it off at Ojibway, Seneca, Vansville, Phoenix, the Casino, the junction for Central, Delaware, Wyoming or Helltown, and Mandan. A team would meet the train at Wyoming and take it on to Copper Harbor. There would be another team waiting at the junction to take the sarsaparilla pop to the Brown Cafe in Wyoming. (Wyoming is near the junction of the Lac La Belle Rd. and US 41) They named it "Helltown" because of all of the bar fights there. The cafe was owned by Charles Brown and Grandfather would wait at the cafe for the train to turn around at Mandan. Each trip to the Keweenaw took about three hours.

A newspaper article from the time of its closing explained its former operations (1). The bottling works had storage in the basement, the bottling shop on the second floor, family residence on the third floor, and bottling supplies in the attic. Harvey's pop was famous in the local area and was not distributed further south than Dollar Bay because the Keweenaw residence consumed all that was produced. In later years, Harvey produced gingerale, iron brew, lemon soda, orange, grape, cherry, strawberry, rock and rye, raspberry, and root beer. One of the best sellers was lemon soda, which was used for medicinal purposes and shipped to Mayo Clinic and as far as Arizona.

In the later years, George and Wilmer Harvey ran the business under the firm name, Harvey Bros. (20). Wilmer, who was born on 30 May 1885 at the Delaware Mine (21), moved to California with his family sometime between 1935 and 1940, where he worked as a watchman (22). He then died on 20 Sep 1944 at the age of 59 (23). George, who was born on 30 Aug 1882 at the Delaware Mine (21), continued the business as proprietor (21,24). He was proud that his lemon soda was known throughout the state (24). In 1944, the company was given to two employees, Walter Opland and Clarence Goulette (1). The business finally closed in 1963 (1). George died on 20 Mar 1971 at the age of 88 in Laurium (24).

Newspaper ad - The Calumet News, 30 Dec 1912
Newspaper ad - Dec 1912

At some point the company name changed from Calumet Bottling Works to Harvey Bottling Works, as we see on the bottles. It was listed as Calumet Bottling Works up until the 1912 Polk directory (10). However, one Harvey Bottling Works bottle has a date code for 1909 and the Harvey Bottling Works name was used in a 1910 ad in The Calumet News. It was then listed as Harvey Bottling Works in the 1916 Polk directory (11). The Harvey Bottling Works bottles have R. T. Harvey stated as proprietor and then without PROP. Certainly, he wouldn't have been proprietor after his death in 1915, but he may have stopped being proprietor before then.

When someone sees the embossing of CALUMET BOTTLING WORKS, they may naturally think the bottling works was located in Calumet. Even the bottles embossed with HARVEY BOTTLING WORKS state the location as CALUMET, MICH. In actuality, the bottling works was in Calumet for only the first 1-2 years, and then spent the rest of his existence in Laurium. Only the siphons state "Laurium" as the correct location. This confusion may result from Laurium originally being the village of Calumet and Calumet originally being the village of Red Jacket (26). The town name of Laurium was established in 1895 (26), and we first see it used in the 1895 Houghton County Polk directory (12).

With such a long-lasting, successful operation, we can see why Harvey had so many different bottles. Yet, the ones featured here are only the hand-blown bottles, and thus represent only a portion of the Harvey collection.

References

  1. anonymous. (1965, Feb 20). Harvey Pop Will Leave Local Scene. The Daily Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 4.
  2. Michigan Department of Community Health, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics; Lansing, Michigan; Death Records (accessed on ancestry.com)
  3. Michigan, U.S., Marriage Records, 1867-1952 (accessed on ancestry.com).
  4. U.S. Census Bureau. 1900 United States Federal Census. accessed on ancestry.com.
  5. U.S. Census Bureau. 1910 United States Federal Census. accessed on ancestry.com.
  6. U.S. Census Bureau. 1920 United States Federal Census. accessed on ancestry.com.
  7. R. L. Polk & Co. 1897. Houghton County Directory 1897-98. R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers. Detroit, MI.
  8. R. L. Polk & Co. 1899. Houghton County Directory 1899-1900. R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers. Detroit, MI.
  9. R. L. Polk & Co. 1901. Houghton County Directory 1901-02. R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers. Detroit, MI.
  10. R. L. Polk & Co. 1912. 1912 Calumet, Hancock, Houghton and Laurium Directory. R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers. Detroit, MI.
  11. R. L. Polk & Co. 1916. Houghton County Directory 1916-17. R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers. Detroit, MI.
  12. R. L. Polk & Co. 1895. Houghton County Directory 1895-96. R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers. Detroit, MI.
  13. State of Michigan. 1910. Dairy and Food Department. Bulletin No. 173-178. Jan-June 1910. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co. State Printers. Lansing, MI.
  14. State of Michigan Department of Labor. 1911. Second Annual Report of the Department of Labor of the State of Michigan. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., State Printers. Lansing, MI.
  15. State of Michigan Department of Labor. 1913. Thirtieth Annual Report of the Department of Labor of the State of Michigan. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., State Printers. Lansing, MI.
  16. State of Michigan Department of Labor. 1915. Thirty-Second Annual Report of the Department of Labor of the State of Michigan. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., State Printers. Lansing, MI.
  17. State of Michigan Department of Labor. 1916. Thirty-Third Annual Report of the Department of Labor of the State of Michigan. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., State Printers. Lansing, MI.
  18. Michigan Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics. 1917. Thirty-Fourth Annual Report of the Department of Labor of the State of Michigan. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., State Printers. Lansing, MI.
  19. Illinois, U.S. Deaths and Stillbirths Index, 1916-1947 (accessed on ancestry.com).
  20. R. L. Polk & Co. 1930. Polk’s Calumet (Michigan) Directory 1930. R. L. Polk & Co., Publishers. Detroit, MI.
  21. U.S. World War II Draft Registration Card, 1942 (accessed on ancestry.com).
  22. U.S. Census Bureau. 1940 United States Federal Census. accessed on ancestry.com.
  23. California, U.S. Death Index, 1940-1997 (accessed on ancestry.com).
  24. anonymous. (1971, Mar 20). G. H. Harvey, area pioneer, passes today. The Daily Mining Gazette (Houghton, MI). p. 4.
  25. anonymous. (1908), Apr 25). Get New Machinery and Improve Their Factory. The Calumet News (Calumet, MI). p. 6.
  26. Village of Laurium. accessed Feb 2022. Village of Laurium of Michigan. laurium.net/History
  27. anonymous. (1898, Jul 28). Keweenaw Co. The Copper Country Evening News (Calumet, MI). p. 2.
  28. anonymous. (1898, Jul 28). Pop Factory Changes Hands. The Copper Country Evening News (Calumet, MI). p. 5.

121
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: Hutchinson top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: rare
  • exceptionally large plate size

122
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: half-pint
color: aqua
top: Hutchinson top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: rare
  • half-pint-sized complement to 121

123
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: half-pint
color: aqua
top: Hutchinson top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: common
  • different plate from 122
  • G in BOTTLING to the right of U in CALUMET
  • plate lower on mold than 122 (see comparison)
123a
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
maker's mark: ROOT (back heel)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: ?
  • different plate from 123
  • N in BOTTLING under U in CALUMET

124
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: crown top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: scarce
  • small plate size

125
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: crown top - tooled
maker's mark: ROOT (base)
other marks: (none)
date: 1901-1905
rarity: scarce
  • larger plate than 124
  • plate lower on mold
  • the book states "no makers mark" but this example has a maker's mark, which could mean the book has a typo, the mark was not impressed on some bottles, or a different mold was used for some bottles

126
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: Hutchinson top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: extremely rare
  • different plate from 125
  • S in WORKS far to the right of Y in HARVEY

127
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: Hutchinson top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: extremely rare
  • different plate from 126
  • G in BOTTLING almost directly below U in CALUMET

129
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: half-pint
color: aqua
top: Hutchinson top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: rare
  • tombstone-shaped plate

128
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: half-pint
color: aqua
top: Hutchinson top - tooled
maker's mark: I. G. CO (back heel)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: rare
  • tombstone-shaped mold
  • mug-style base
  • different plate design

s16
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: amber
top: crown top
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: extremely rare
  • different plate design

s55
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: colorless
top: siphon top
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: extremely rare
  • town specified as CALUMET

161
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: colorless
top: siphon top
maker's mark: C S S monogram (base)
other marks: MADE IN AUSTRIA (base)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: extremely rare

162
Calumet Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: colorless
top: siphon top
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1898-1905
rarity: extremely rare

130
Harvey Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: Hutchinson top - tooled
maker's mark: ROOT (base)
other marks: (none)
date: 1905-1915
rarity: extremely rare
  • change in company name

131
Harvey Bottling Works bottle
capacity: half-pint
color: aqua
top: Hutchinson top - tooled
maker's mark: ROOT (back heel)
other marks: (none)
date: 1905-1915
rarity: scarce
  • different plate design
  • this example has date code: 9 ROOT 407

133
Harvey Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: crown top - tooled
maker's mark: ROOT (base)
other marks: (none)
date: 1905-1915
rarity: rare
  • quart-sized, crown top complement to 131

132
Harvey Bottling Works bottle
capacity: half-pint
color: aqua
top: Hutchinson top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1905-1915
rarity: scarce
  • different plate design

134
Harvey Bottling Works bottle
capacity: half-pint
color: aqua
top: crown top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1905-1915
rarity: rare
  • different plate design

135
Harvey Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: crown top - tooled
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: 1905-1915
rarity: rare
  • quart-sized complement to 134
  • same plate for #135 and #135a
135a
Harvey Bottling Works bottle
maker's mark: I. G. CO. (back heel)
other marks: (none)
date: 1905-1915
rarity: rare
  • same plate for #135 and #135a
  • includes a maker's mark

s19
Harvey Bottling Works bottle
capacity: quart
color: colorless
top: siphon top
maker's mark: REGISTERED TRADEMARK C S S monogram (base)
other marks: CONTENTS 26 FLUID OZ. (lower front) WARRANTED FIRST QUALITY AUSTRIA (base)
date: 1905-1915
rarity: extremely rare

abm-74
bottle image
capacity: quart
color: aqua
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: CONTENTS 24 OZ. (front heel)
date: c.1915
rarity: ?
  • heel has "15 1", which may be a date code

abm-75
bottle image
capacity: half-pint
color: aqua
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: (none)
date: c.1916
rarity: ?
  • this example has an A B Co. date code: 16 S 1

abm-76
bottle image
capacity: half-pint
color: aqua
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: ROOT (front heel)
other marks: (none)
date: c.1918
rarity: ?
  • this example has date code: M2802 ROOT 18

abm-77
bottle image
capacity: quart
color: pale aqua
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (none)
other marks: CONTENTS 1 PT. 8 FL. OZ. (front heel)
date: c.1927
rarity: ?
  • this example has an A B Co. date code: 27 S 1

abm-78
bottle image
capacity: half-pint
color: colorless
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (base)
other marks: (none)
date: c.1945
rarity: ?
  • this example has a date code for 1945
abm-78a
bottle image
capacity: half-pint
color: aqua
top: crown top - ABM
maker's mark: (base)
other marks: (none)
date: c.1926
rarity: ?
  • heel has "1767 26", which may be a date code